As with humans, obesity can cause health problems for your pets making it important that their weight, more importantly BCS (Body Condition Score) is managed for optimum health.
𝗪𝗵𝗮𝘁 𝗶𝘀 𝗕𝗼𝗱𝘆 𝗖𝗼𝗻𝗱𝗶𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻 𝗦𝗰𝗼𝗿𝗶𝗻𝗴?
BCS is a management tool that can be used to evaluate the nutritional status of animals. Body condition, or fat cover, is an indication of the energy reserves in an animal.
BCS for dogs and cats uses a range from 1 to 5. Healthy dogs and cats should have a body condition score between 3 and 4. Dogs or cats with a body condition score of 1 or 2 indicate a management or health problem. Body condition scores of 5 indicate an excessive amount of condition that could be detrimental to the dog or cat’s health.
𝗪𝗵𝗮𝘁 𝗿𝗼𝗹𝗲 𝗱𝗼 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗷𝗼𝗶𝗻𝘁𝘀 𝘀𝗲𝗿𝘃𝗲?
Joints are junctions between two or more bones which bind the skeleton together giving structure and binding muscles to move bones to undertake various actions.
There are many types of joints the most common of which are joints which are freely moveable, examples being the knee, hip, elbow, shoulder, and fingers. Other joint types have no movement or those which have very little movement.
From this you can see obesity can and does have negative effects on the joints.
𝗪𝗵𝗮𝘁 𝗶𝘀 𝗼𝗯𝗲𝘀𝗶𝘁𝘆?
Obesity is a nutritional disease that is defined by an excess of body fat associated with eating more calories than the pet is using. Your pet could be eating more than he/she should (scraps from the table and frequent treats can make the problem worse).
𝗖𝗼𝗺𝗺𝗼𝗻 𝗰𝗮𝘂𝘀𝗲𝘀 𝗼𝘁𝗵𝗲𝗿 𝘁𝗵𝗮𝗻 𝗻𝘂𝘁𝗿𝗶𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻
However, it is important to note that an increase in weight could be related to a health problem and causes include hypothyroidism, insulinoma, hyperadrenocorticism (Cushing’s Disease).
Obesity is 𝘴𝘵𝘳𝘰𝘯𝘨𝘭𝘺𝘭𝘪𝘯𝘬𝘦𝘥𝘵𝘰𝘵𝘺𝘱𝘦 2 𝘥𝘪𝘢𝘣𝘦𝘵𝘦𝘴𝘪𝘯𝘤𝘢𝘵𝘴𝘭𝘢𝘵𝘦𝘳𝘪𝘯𝘭𝘪𝘧𝘦, as well as presenting a severe risk to the liver in cases whereby the cat may not eat for a few days.
Excess fat/weight in young-middle age animals is the biggest cause of arthritis issues later in life. However, it is not just the weight, but the fact that 𝘧𝘢𝘵𝘢𝘤𝘵𝘴𝘢𝘴𝘢𝘴𝘰𝘶𝘳𝘤𝘦𝘰𝘧𝘧𝘳𝘦𝘦𝘰𝘹𝘺𝘨𝘦𝘯𝘳𝘢𝘥𝘪𝘤𝘭𝘦𝘴 which can lead to joint degeneration.